Understanding the Background of Stockton, CA
Every city in the United States is steeped in fascinating history, and Stockton is no exception. As it stands, it is the 13th biggest city in the state of California and the 63rd biggest city in the US, and as of 2016 its population is 315,592. To understand its background and how it became the culturally diverse city it is today, we need to go back in time to the mid-19th century.
How Stockton, CA Got Its Name
Stockton, CA was founded by Captain Charles Weber, who was a German immigrant, in 1849, when he purchased over 49,000 acres of land as part of the Mexican land grant. It was originally named Tuleburg, but only for a short time before being renamed after Robert F. Stockton – a US Navy commodore who drove Mexican forces out of California in the 1840's during Americas war against Mexico. The city was the first community in CA to adopt a name that was not of Spanish of Native American origin, and it was officially incorporated on July 23, 1850, and held its first election on July 31 of that same year.
The History Behind the Location of Stockton, CA
The city of Stockton is located in the north of the San Joaquin Valley, several miles east of the San Joaquin River and 90 miles inland from San Francisco. It was reportedly built over a period of four months during the era of the California Gold Rush (when rumors of gold in the state attracted around 300,000 people to the state). Early settlers and gold-seekers that traveled to the area during this time were from all around the globe: Asia, Europe, Canada, Australia, Mexico and the Pacific Islands.
The City’s Growing Economy and Agricultural Past
The California Gold Rush stimulated the state’s economy, especially in the city of Stockton as it served as a major depot for miners and was known as a gateway to the Central Valley. Although the California Gold Rush ceased in 1855, the trading of agricultural and manufactured products through Stockton did not. The population increased drastically in the 1870's and 1880's, as many people who passed through for trade decided to take permanent residence there (which greatly contributed to the city’s rich ethnic and cultural diversity). Therefore, the city’s economy boomed at a rapid rate, and it became a major transportation and commercial center by the end of the 19th century and into the beginning of the 20th century, even earning nicknames such as ‘California’s Sunrise Seaport’ and ‘Port City’.
Stockton has produced almost every fruit, nut and field crop over its history, and the award-winning wines California is so widely famed for are produced in vineyards in the north of Stockton.
The Locomotive History
At the beginning of the 20th century it became apparent that there should be better transport links to Stockton as more and more people were visiting. The railroad companies built tracks that lead to the up-and-coming city, which further cemented its status as a cultural hub of not only the state of California, but of the entire nation.
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