A Brief History of Tallahassee, FL
The city of Tallahassee, FL has a rich and varied history. The term “Tallahassee” is an expression derived from the Creek natives who were forced to migrate from Georgia and Alabama between the 18th and 19th century due to pressure from the European-American settlers. The term was translated from the Muskogean language as “old fields” or “old town.”
Tallahassee Midpoint – Est. 1824
The United States successfully acquired West Florida from the Spanish and East Florida from Britain which led to the establishment of Florida as a territory in 1821. The first session of Florida’s Legislative Council was held the following year in the former capital of the West, Pensacola. Members embarked on a grueling passage travelling from the former capital of East, St. Augustine to attend.
The following session was held in St. Augustine which forced delegates from the West to embark in a less than ideal passage. Delegates of Florida’s Legislative Council deliberated and concluded to hold the next session at a midpoint. The third session was held in a crude log building in Tallahassee in 1824. From that moment on, that building would continue to serve as the state’s capital.
The midpoint became referenced as Florida’s territorial period as the hewn-inhabitable frontier developed into a thriving settlement from 1821 through 1845. Marquis de Lafayette was deemed a French hero in the American Revolution. During his visit in the United States, Congress gave him $200,000, citizenship and the Lafayette Land Grant.
Tallahassee has an area of 98.2 square miles which 36 of those square miles are derived from the land grant. The crude log building that held the Florida’s Legislative Council’s third session was erected as the state capital in 1845 at an appropriate time for statehood. In the 1970s, a high-rise capital building was designed by renowned architect, Edward Durrell Stone.
It stands as the third-tallest state capital building in the United States and sits across the previous capital building. The building was scheduled for demolition before state officials deliberated and concluded to renovate the building in a museum.
Florida’s Cotton Belt
The expression “Cotton Belt” was initially used to identify the South Eastern United States, where cotton was used as the predominant cash crop. The cotton belt thrived from the 18th century through the 20th century. Tallahassee was in the heart of Florida’s Cotton Belt and the slave trade as it lies in the state dominant production in Leon County.
In the climax of the American Civil War, Tallahassee ended up being the only confederate state that was not captured nor burned by the Union east of the Mississippi River. However, the Battle of Natural Bridge was fought south of Tallahassee. in 1865. The small engagement took place a couple of months before the war had ended in May.
Fun Fact about Tallahassee, FL
There was a movement held in the 1960s to move the capital of the state from Tallahassee to Orlando. The movement was driven by those who deemed it appropriate to move the capital to accommodate the growing population in the center of the state.
Explore Tallahassee, FL
Tallahassee, FL by Zip Code