Boston, MA History
Boston, MA is a fascinating city that has played a huge role in the shaping of the United States of America. The city’s pivotal location on the New England coast made it hugely important for a variety of reasons. The over 600,000 people who call this city home have a lot in their history to be proud of.
Early Beginnings in Boston, MA
Some scholars believe that the area that would one day become Boston, MA could have been inhabited as early as 7000 years ago. It’s European-dominated history began with British colonists founding the Massachusetts Bay Colony.
The first governor of that colony, John Winthrop, signed the Cambridge Agreement in 1629 which allowed for the founding of the city. America’s first public school was established there in 1635 foreshadowing the cities great commitment to education.
Wars and Triumph
Boston, MA was caught up in the French and Indian Wars and also became a major player during the American Revolution. Many of the Revolution’s most pivotal moments happened in and around the city, including the Boston Tea Party and Boston Massacre.
It was also the site of Paul Revere’s famed ride in the middle of the night. Following the success of the Revolution, the city continued to grow as a major trading port with its highly successful port.
The 19th Century
Boston’s port success faltered slightly during the Embargo Act of 1807. During this time many merchants in the area turned toward manufacturing as a way to keep their profits up.
This enterprise gradually became the greatest sector of Boston’s economy throughout this century. Although the city benefitted greatly from the slave trade initially, later on, it became a center for the abolitionist movement.
During this century the demographic makeup of the city began to shift dramatically as the area witnessed an unprecedented amount of European immigration, especially following the Irish Potato Famine. This was also a period of great expansion as many marshy wetlands surrounding the city were reclaimed and built upon.
The 20th Century
The city began to struggle as manufacturing began to decline in the region. It was cheaper to find labor in other parts of the country so many companies moved their factories. It began to recover from economic problems in the 1970’s. It began to attract thousands and thousands of students to its high number of prestigious universities.
Today in Boston, MA
Today, the city is a thriving location full of arts, culture, and politics. It has experienced some gentrification now making it rank among the top cities in the country for cost of living, but it is highly ranked for its quality of living.
In 2013 it was thrust into the spotlight because one of its biggest events, the Boston Marathon, suffered a terrorist attack that killed three and injured hundreds.
Boston, MA is an incredible city that has been through quite a lot but still manages to come out on top. The important role that it played in the founding of the United States of America makes it the perfect place for any American history buff to visit. Regardless of what you are interested in, this city is sure to have something that will appeal to you.
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