A Brief History of Buffalo, NY
Buffalo is the second largest city in New York right behind New York City and is one of the world’s largest ports. It holds a significant importance due to its canal connections to Albany and NYC and the Saint Lawrence Seaway giving access to the upper Great Lakes.
Buffalo is also a great place to live for a number of reasons, such as the beautiful Niagara Falls, the amazing architecture, friendly community, and manageable traffic (unlike NYC).
Today 256,902 people call Buffalo their home, when it only started out with a few white settlers. One said that the character of a city lies behind its history. Here is a brief history of Buffalo, NY:
Early Settlers in Buffalo, NY
First discovered by French trappers and Jesuit missionaries, Buffalo, New York was not inhabited by anyone. However, by the year 1679, La Salle built a ship called the Griffon near the edge of the Cayuga Creek and then constructed the Fort Conti at the opening of the Niagara Falls.
The area at the time did not gain any further settlers or traffic until the year 1784 when the city’s first white settlers arrived. However, the land was still being held by within the Phelps Gorham Purchase.
Eventually, a pair of Dutch investors obtained the land in 1797 as a part of the “Holland Purchase”. They first chose the name New Amsterdam for the land however, the majority of settlers insisted to name it Buffalo, which officially became the name 1810. At the time the land was being used as a small trading community that was inhabited by the Neutral Nation.
The War of 1812 in Buffalo
It wasn’t always so peaceful in this town, a war broke out in 1812, making the town a scene of some considerable military activity. That November in 1812, American troops were attached at Fort Erie on the Canadian side of the land. The next year in 1813, a British force then crossed New York on July 11th to fight the skirmish within the limits of Buffalo.
However, the wars didn’t end there. Near New Years Day, in 1814, British Canadian and Indian forces then attacked the city and burned down the town in retaliation. On the downside, the town suffered severe damage, however, after the war, the town experienced rapid growth. This was due to the canal and waterways it provided for travel from the Great Lakes.
The first ever Great Water was built in 1819 and after that, the Erie Canal was completed, increasing the rate of its growth. Shortly after these developments, Buffalo has incorporated a city in 1825.
Dawn of the 20th Century
The now incorporated city, Buffalo grew quickly into becoming the quintessential 19th-century “boomtown”. The city was known for its industrial preeminence. Due to the position at the Western Terminus of the Erie Canal, it made the town the Gateway everything in the West, and a departure and gateway point for immigrants into the heartland.
Today the city attracts thousands of tourists a year to see the famous Niagara Falls. It is also a well-established and successful city, as it is the second largest city in New York.
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