History of Beaumont, TX
Beaumont, TX makes up one of the points of Texas’s famous Golden Triangle of oil. Here at SaveOnPaving.com we believe this Texas town has a fascinating history of the American dream and industrial prosperity.
Founding of Beaumont
The first people to settle in what would become Beaumont, TX were Noah and Nancy Tevis. This couple created a small farm on the west bank of the Neches River, and a small community slowly grew around them. The area was purchased by Henry Millard in 1835. On December 16, 1838, the small town of Beaumont, TX was officially formed and named after the wife of the prominent local businessman Henry Millard. In its early years, the town’s agricultural and cattle industries thrived.
The Transcontinental Railroad
The Beaumont Rice Mill paved the way for industry to develop. With the growing success of the mill, the town began to grow around the lumber and rice mill industries, attracting many immigrants and workers. During the Civil War, the city got a huge economic boost. The construction of the Transcontinental Railroad and the demand for lumber led the industry to peak in the late 1800s.
There’s Oil in Them Thar Beaumont Hills!
When oil was discovered at the nearby Spindletop field, the city boomed. Spindletop became the first major oil field in the United States and remains one of the largest and most historically important. With the discovery of this oil field, Beaumont’s population doubled from 9,000 residents to 18,000 residents within two months. This led to the development of three major oil companies: the Texas Company (which would become Texaco), Humble (which would become Exxon), and the Gulf Oil Corporation. Mobil set up the Magnolia Refinery, which would become the largest employer in the region and would grow into Mobil’s largest manufacturing plant.
World War II
Though the city’s economy faltered during the Great Depression, the area became a large shipbuilding and oil refining town during the second World War. This economy boom led to overcrowding, housing shortages, service facility integration, and shared transportation systems, creating strains between races. These growing tensions ultimately resulted in the Beaumont Riot of 1943, in which interracial disputes led to a city-wide struggle and temporary martial law. The conflict was settled gradually, but remains a strong part of the city’s darker side of history.
When the tensions and conflicts of World War II settled, Beaumont’s economy shifted to focus on synthetic rubber production and petrochemicals. Economic growth plateaued around 1960. In 1964, this city found itself as the sixth largest in Texas. The modern sights of the city began to develop, and Lamar University became increasingly established in the city. The symphony orchestra, ballet, art museums, and the community playhouse were set up to support the arts.
Nowadays, Beaumont, TX is a thriving city with a strong focus on maintaining the arts and supporting industry. Citizens are incredibly proud of their history and several restoration projects and 19 museums have been created. The city is proud of its history and is constantly showing signs of progress to create a future that every citizen can be a proud part of.
Explore Beaumont, Texas
Beaumont, TX by Zip Code